How a fire evacuation Plan Can Save Lives
Moments matter when a fire emergency occurs. Some people can hesitate, make the wrong decisions, or panic in the first seconds of a fire. It has been proven time and again that a calm head and a good plan will prevail in times of emergency.
A fire evacuation plan will help to reduce hesitation, wrong choices or panic during a fire emergency. If everyone has reviewed and has participated in emergency drills then they are more likely to act calmly and will save property and lives.
As part of the Fire Safety Management Plan for your location, the fire evacuation plan should be updated and reviewed regularly. Within the fire evacuation plan are five important elements:
- Prevention procedures – note items and steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of fire, including a process where employees or occupants can report potential fire hazards as well as ways to safely use certain equipment, stow chemicals or other flammable liquids, detecting electrical wiring issues, and how to properly dispose of rubbish.
- Preparedness procedures – have an outline of the training schedules and the requirements for all personnel to have regular training and emergency drills. Also have documentation outlining the types of training required such as fire extinguisher, evacuation, and other training.
- Mitigation procedures – document the processes to reduce the risk of damage or injury during fire emergencies, such as lighted exit signage, review of evacuation routes, and the process to notify authorities of an emergency.
- Response arrangements and strategies – each fire is different, so it is important that someone who is trained has the authority to identify the level of danger and make sure there is adequate response. For example some fires may only need a fire blanket to be extinguished. Others may rapidly get out of control and fire fighters are needed.
- ECO roles and responsibilities – the Emergency Control Organisation (ECO) should be a subset of the Emergency Planning Committee (EPC) and should be well trained on how to respond to fires, how to make sure everyone is alerted to an emergency, and how to help to evacuate personnel in an emergency.